Against senatorial opposition he achieved a brilliant stroke—he organized a coalition, known as the First Triumvirate, made up of Pompey, commander in chief of the army; Marcus Licinius Crassus, the wealthiest man in Rome (see CrassusCrassus , ancient Roman family, of the plebeian Licinian gens. Vegetius's "De Re Militari" was the only major work of Roman military science to survive from classical times. Gaius Julius Caesar is without a doubt the most famous Roman who ever lived, but he tends to be more famous for some things than others. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 - 15 March 44 BCE), Roman statesman, general, author, famous for the conquest of Gaul (modern France and Belgium) and his subsequent coup d'état. He was a patrician by birth, meaning that he belonged to Rome’s aristocracy. Synonyms for Political career of Julius Caesar in Free Thesaurus. Julius Caesar came back to Rome, and this time he had a political career waiting for him. When he was sixteen, his father died and Caesar became the head of the family. Caesar’s life, politics, and military career were directly affected by which camp was holding power. While returning, he began to nurture his relationship with the common man even further. and 1st cent. Later, and once again in the face of bitter Optimate resistance, Caesar supported the Lex Manilia which eventually granted Pompey the unique and comprehensive command of the entire east against Mithridates. Regardless, his other actions had little to do with conservative policy and he continued his course of support for a populares policy. Deciding that belonging to the priesthood would bring the most benefit to the family, he managed to have himself nominated as the new High Priest of Jupiter. He not only praised his aunt in a stirring public speech, but for this first time since Sulla, he displayed the popular images of Gaius Marius. It produced men who achieved great note in the 2d cent. Julius grew up with many political connections. The maintenance of this road, which stretched from Rome to Cumae and beyond to the heal of Italy's boot, was an important and high profile position. Get help on 【 Julius Caesar His Political Career and Military Success 】 on Graduateway Huge assortment of FREE essays & assignments The best writers! The granddaughter of Sulla, and daughter of Quintus Pompey, Pompeia was to be his next wife. Caesar has the ability to dominate and conquer, he is able to win the trust of the Romans and build his political position. Caesar was born into the Roman political ruling class, on 12th or 13th July, 100 BC. During his travels he was kidnapped by pirates. 3. any emperor. He implem… Despite any personal grief over the loss of his wife, of who all accounts suggest he loved dearly, Caesar was set to remarry in 67 BC for political gain. One of the well-known membe… The war against Spartacus took place around this time (73–71 BC), but it is not recorded what role, if any, Caesar played in it. He relocated temporarily to Rhodes to study philosophy. 2. a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian, and later of the heirs presumptive. At this time King Mithridates of Pontus, on the south coast of the Black Sea, threatened Rome’s eastern provinces. United Nations of Roma Victrix (UNRV) represents the all encompassing power of Rome in the ancient world. His father, Gaius Caesar, died when Caesar was 16. Around a third of a million men policed and protected the Empire, eventually guarding frontiers like Hadrian's Wall. Caesar indebted himself to the point of near financial ruin during this time, but enhanced his image irreversibly with the common people. Caesar’s uncle Marius was a popularis and Sulla was an optimas. In 69 BC He became military tribune and the treasurer of a Roman province. Caesar was born into a patrician family, the gens Julia, which claimed descent from Iulus, son of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneas, supposedly the son of the goddess Venus. In the extravagant public funeral (laudation) that followed, Caesar pushed the extremes of the Optimate Senators limits. Both had been republican officials, but the Julian clan’s greatest link to high power when Julius was born was through marriage. Perhaps because of his weakened emotional state, coupled with a growing and now obvious personal ambition, he had a definitive and prophetic reaction to the site of the statue. Despite this rivalry, Crassus continued to support Caesar's enormous debts over the course of the next few years. There is a high probability that he served under Rome's richest man during his command against Spartacus and the slave rebellion. Every army has to deal with problems such as insubordination, desertion and even mutiny. His Senate enemies would look for any opportunity to stop his progress. The cognomen "Caesar" originated, according to Pliny the Elder, with an ancestor who was born by caesarean section (from the Latin verb to cut, caedere, caes-). Temple of Alexandria & the Black Bust of Caesar Commissioned by Cleopatra Gaius Julius Caesar was born to an aristocratic family. Caesar’s father arrived at the praetor-ship, but never won the election for the consulship. He was born July 12, 100 b.c in Rome as Gaius Julius Caesar, known today as Julius Caesar. His aunt Julia, wife of Marius, died about this same time and Caesar took the opportunity to break Roman tradition. His political views, therefore, … Gaius Julius, c100–44 B.C., Roman general, statesman, and historian. ", "Julius Caesar's Late Onset Epilepsy: A Case of Historic Proportions", Dickinson College Commentaries: Selections from the, Forum Romanum Index to Caesar's works online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Julius_Caesar&oldid=991673444#Dictatorship_and_assassination, Characters in works by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Pages using infobox military person with embed, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with failed verification from February 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 07:01. Sulla was chosen to lead his army against Mithridates. Early Life and Political Career. His own wife Cornelia also died that year. He was a Praetor, Aedile, Consul, Pontifex Maximus, and dictator for life, and his greatest achievement is changing the Roman republic to the Roman empire. Featuring more than 150 maps, photographs, diagrams and battle plans, Legions of Rome is an essential read for ancient history enthusiasts, military history experts and general readers alike. Even with this minor victory, the optimates wouldn't be satisfied though, as Caesar's brashness was a direct insult. 'Μιαρώτατε Κάσκα, τί ποιεῖς; Ronald T. Ridley, "The Dictator's Mistake: Caesar's Escape from Sulla,", constitutional government of the Republic, frequently appeared in literary and artistic works, conspiracy to seize control of the republic, [ɪmpɛˈraːtɔr ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈiuːli.ʊs ˈɡaːi.iː ˈfiːli.ʊs ˈɡaːi.iː ˈnɛpoːs ˈkae̯sar ˈpa.trɪs ˈpa.tri.ae̯], "Julius Caesar: The first triumvirate and the conquest of Gaul", "Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans, by Plutarch (chapter48)", "Suetonius, 'Life of the Caesars, Julius', trans. Whether he served directly under Crassus, or developed a friendship through other associations, the friendship would be pivotal to Caesar's career. The Historia Augusta suggests three alternative explanations: that the first Caesar had a thick head of hair (Latin caesaries); that he had bright grey eyes (Latin oculis caesiis)… Because of Crassus' immense wealth, Caesar was able to finance the extravagant lifestyle and political necessities required to advance the cursus honorum. When Gaius Marius was overthrown by the dictator Sulla, … The authors of this book have gathered a wealth of evidence from all over the Roman Empire's excavated examples as well as pictorial and documentary sources to present a picture of what range of equipment would be available at any given time, what it would look like and how it would function. He is considered one of the greatest military commanders in history with victories in numerous campaigns, most prominently his conquest of Gaul. The cognomen "Caesar" originated, according to Pliny the Elder, with an ancestor who was born by caesarean section (from the Latin verb to cut, caedere, caes-). As a priest not only had to be of patrician stock, but married to a patrician, Caesar broke off his engagement to a plebian girl and married the patrician, Cornelia, daughter of a high profile and influential … They could, however, attempt to block his political path through other means. Julius Caesar became consul and used his position to gain favor with the public, such as by distributing grain to the poor. At any rate, Caesar was soon allowed to return to Rome, released early from his duties. It was widely studied in the Middle Ages and was a key source for Medieval warfare and siege tactics. Within a year he was elected as a military tribune. During his journey, he was seized by pirates. He was named Gaius Julius Caesar, like his father and grandfather before him. At the temple of Hercules in Gades, it was said that he either broke down and cried or at the very least was deeply saddened in reaction to it. The requirements and the costs of a Roman political career in Caesar’s day were high, and the competition was severe; but the potential profits were of enormous magnitude. Because of Crassus' immense wealth, Caesar was able to finance the extravagant lifestyle and political necessities required to advance the cursus honorum. He was elected quaestor for 69 BC, and during that year he delivered the funeral oration for his aunt Julia, widow of Marius, and included images of Marius, unseen since the days of Sulla, in the funeral procession. This time, however, he chose an odd alliance. In 69 or 68 Caesar began his … Julius Caesar’s mindset influenced the history of his people. This book covers the complete history of the Roman Army from 753 BC to AD 476, including its successes and failures against Rome's enemies such as Gauls, Carthaginians, Goths and Persians. He initially became a lawyer and then held positions needed to climb the political ladder to the consulship: quaestor, aedile and then praetor. Still though, the crowd was clearly in Caesar's favor as they supported him enthusiastically, even drowning out attempts by the Senate to stop the young Quaestor. Caesar returned to Rome in 73 BC as a member of the college of Pontiffs, and immediately began working on his political career. When asked why he would have such a reaction, his simple response was: "Do you think I have not just cause to weep, when I consider that Alexander at my age had conquered so many nations, and I have all this time done nothing that is memorable?". The beginning of Julius Caesar’s political career In 85 BC, Caesar's father died suddenly, so Caesar was the leader of the family at 16. In 65 BC Caesar, along with a young rival and member of the optimate faction by name of Bibulus, was elected as curule aedile. In one spectacle to honor his father, Caesar displayed 320 pairs of gladiators clad in silver armor, which came at an enormous expense. He changed the Roman republic into a monarchy and laid the foundations of a truly Mediterranean empire. The advancement of Caesar in light of the turmoil of the day is notable enough; the fact that he even survived may be even more remarkable.