"Commentary on Matthew 13:33". Difficulties have been raised as to the interpretation of this parable which do not seem to belong to it. The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven - On the nature and effects of leaven, see the note on Exodus 12:8. We may conclude that leaven itself was thus here seen to be a good and useful contribution to the welfare and wellbeing of man, and thus could be used to picture the powerful influence of the Kingly Rule of Heaven spreading throughout the nations through the activity of the Holy Spirit (Matthew 3:11; Matthew 12:18; Matthew 12:28). "Whereas the parable of the mustard seed answers the question of whether the phase of the kingdom planted by Jesus would survive, the parable of the leavening process answers how." BibliographyNicoll, William R. "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". Luke 13:20-21). "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". So that, first and foremost, I put the preaching of the Gospel, the Gospel of our salvation, by the death and in the life of the Incarnate Son of God. But vice is not confined to slums. xxiv., p. 227. Old faults are not cured in a day; the new nature is not perfected at once; the fruits of the Spirit, like many other fruits, are slow in appearing and slow in ripening. The chief mischief connected with man lies within. We are not left alone, or let alone. 5, and Jerome on this passage, equivalent to one and a half Roman bushels. There must be a mixing; contact between those that are Christians and those who are not. 5. There are professing Christians that say: ‘Oh! ], The fact that a woman put the leaven in the meal is probably an insignificant detail of the parable as is the amount of flour. III. Jesus here refers to … If nothing interferes with its operation it will continue until it converts all of the material into a nature like itself. Zigabenus; Acts 1:15; Acts 2:41; Acts 2:47; Acts 4:4; Acts 5:14; Acts 6:7; Acts 21:20; Romans 15:19; Romans 11:25 f. The parable of the leaven, on the other hand, is intended to show how the specific influences of the Messiah’s kingdom (Ephesians 4:4 ff.) New York, USA. Donor despise the day of small things. Both these parables are prophetic, and were intended to show, principally, how, from very small beginnings, the Gospel of Christ should pervade all the nations of the world, and fill them with righteousness and true holiness. Matthew 13:31-33, 44-52 EXEGESIS: MATTHEW 13:13-33, 44-52. It being a woman‘s work to knead, it seems a refinement to say that “the woman” here represents the Church, as the instrument of depositing the leaven. The Expositor's Greek Testament. (W. J. The same difficulty occurs in explaining the operation of the Gospel on the hearts of men: its truths have an energy that is not found in any thing else. The usual amount for one baking, an ephah (see Genesis 18:6; Judges 6:19; 1 Samuel 1:24). (634) A strong expression. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Nor does it yield much satisfaction to understand the "three measures of meal" of that threefold division of our nature into "spirit, soul, and body," alluded to in 1 Thessalonians 5:23, or of the threefold partition of the world among the three sons of Noah (Genesis 10:32), as some do. ), Children to be educated, not only in the truth, but for its diffusion. Thus, the Israelites were commanded to purge out the old leaven during Passover; and the disciples were warned by the Saviour against the leaven of the Pharisees. You have a parallel also in the formation of character. The most distinguished feature is that it leavens the meal in the midst of which it is placed. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. We may reduce the parable to three general heads. IV. But this effect again is not to be traced in the establishment or history of so-called Churches, but in the hidden advancement, without observation, of that deep leavening power which works irrespective of human forms and systems. The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven] Which soon diffuseth itself into the whole lump. How long will it continue to assert itself? ii., p. 264. Another parable spake he unto them; "The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.". "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". [Note: J. Dwight Pentecost, Things to Come, pp142-44. The two things are equally necessary, that Christians should be in all these various spheres of activity, and that they should be there, distinctly, manifestly, and, when need be, avowedly, as Christian men. The two first of the seven deal with the progress of the Gospel in individual minds and the hindrances thereto. If you have received, you are able, and you are bound, to transmit this quickening, assimilating, transforming, lightening influence, and you need never complain of a want of objects upon which to exercise it, for the man or woman that is next you is the person that you ought to affect. Now the Gospel, where it has entrance and takes place, powerfully and effectually, continues to operate more or less, as the leaven in the meal, until the whole man, soul and body, all the faculties of the soul, and members of the body, are influenced by it; and will continue with power and efficacy in the world, and church, until all the elect of God are wrought upon by it, and are brought in. 2014. Who are we that we shall judge one another, except nobly and hopefully? Now nobody that knows me, and the trend of my preaching, will charge me with undervaluing either of these things, but these do not exhaust the function of the Church in the world, nor the duty of the Church to society. Humanity has no self-leavening power. III. ], "The manifestation of the presence of the kingdom in some form in the Church age is clearly taught in the parables of the mustard seed and the leaven ..." [Note: Gerry Breshears, "The Body of Christ: Prophet, Priest, or King?" 1974. Let me deal, in a purely expository fashion, with the emblem before us. Is it? The bible which contains this heavenly truth is admirably fitted for universal diffusion. Matthew 13:33. But how this leaven, as soon as it is put into the heart, begins to work, how it operates with such invincible power, and how it uniformly changes, as well the most guilty and obdurate hearts, as those which seem more likely to yield to its impressions—this is indeed a mystery. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. . "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". One by one, little by little, a man here and a man there—such is the rule of this gradualness. Recorded at Luther Seminary, Saint Paul, Minn., for Working Preacher. Griffin. Many systems of reformation proceed on the supposition that the unhappy condition of man is external, not in himself, but in his circumstances. 1832. 1859. leaven = sour dough. The Parable of the Leaven (also called the Parable of the yeast) is one of the shortest parables of Jesus. The Gospel of Christ was a new and quickening power, cast into the midst of an old and dying world; a centre of life, round which all the moral energies which still survived, and all which itself should awaken, might form and gather, by the help of which the world might constitute itself anew. The apostle bring out the same diffusive character of this element when he says, "A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump." "Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.". Matthew 13:33. Leavening . The word for leaven, ζυμη — zumē is from ζεω — zeō to boil, to seethe, and so pervasive fermentation. The leaven of the Pharisees was externalism in religion. 1891. A large mass is to be pervaded and assimilated by the small piece of leaven. B. , B. A small amount of "old dough" was kept in a jar as a "starter." The change produced is radical, gradual, final, and manifest. All other rights reserved. How different His idea of the coming of the kingdom, from the current one of a glorious, mighty empire coming suddenly, full grown! Matthew 13:33 33 He told them another parable. Matthew 13:23 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Matthew 13:23, NIV: "But the seed falling on good soil refers to someone who hears the word and understands it.This is the one who produces a crop, yielding a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown.'" 33. On the other hand, let no man mistake the parable, and by a mischievous perversion of its teaching cover his own indifference and neglect. "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". These measures, as here used parabolically, may design the small number of God's elect; and, as some have thought, may have respect to the three then known parts of the world, where they were, or should be: by the woman that took and hid the leaven in these measures, is meant, either the church, sometimes compared to a woman in Scripture, Revelation 12:1 or the ministers of the Gospel, wisdom's maidens; or rather, Jesus Christ, the wisdom of God; see Proverbs 9:1 and the reason why a woman is mentioned is, because it was, with the Jews, the work of women to ferment the flour, knead the dough, and make the bread: and this action of taking and covering the leaven in the meal, may denote the power of Christ, in opening the heart, and putting in the Gospel, which unless he takes in hand, and uses, is ineffectual; as also the passiveness of men, under the first workings of the Spirit of Christ upon their souls, by the Gospel; and likewise, the secret and invisible power of divine grace, operating by the ministry of the word, upon the heart. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Have we any parallels in our own life that will enable us to seize, more completely, the gracious and generous meaning of this parable? I. There they cannot lie still; they stir and effervesce, and inoculate the portions with which they are in closest contact. The gospel, when compared to the world, exhibits an amazing disproportion. Three satas of flour (about three-fifths of a bushel) is the amount of flour that a housewife baked into bread for an average family. 1801-1803. . When your house-parties gather, do you suppose that every man in the little crowd is a friend of yours, sincere, true, genuine, disinterested? Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. It was so in your appreciation of character, it was so in your decisions of a literary and commercial kind, it was so in the election of your companionships, it was so in the change of your most profound and solemn opinions; it was Song of Solomon , too, in that grandest act of life for which there is no better term than the old word conversion. The following analogies would appear to be valid: The leaven imparts its character to the whole loaf, the church changes the character of people influenced by it. the Kingdom of God, when received within, would seem like leaven hid, but would gradually pervade, assimilate, and transform the whole of our common life." ], "Practical applications of this parable to present readers can include the following. A woman. Suffice it to say that the two terms are by no means synonymous, but that, at the same time, inasmuch as a kingdom implies a community of subjects, the churches, in the proportion in which they have assimilated the leaven, and are holding fast by the powers which Christ has lodged within them, are approximate embodiments of the kingdom. Hence all true Christians of every place and every age are “one bread,” being impregnated with the same heavenly leaven, and formed into one mass for the service of their common Lord and Master [Note: 1 Corinthians 10:17.].]. Leaven answers a great design. Ev., i, 12: Or, The leaven signifies love, because it causes activity and fermentation; by the woman He means wisdom. In this respect the lesson is the same with that which is taught in those of the short parables of Jesus: "Ye are the light of the world. [Note: Idem, "The Parable of the Leavening Process," Bibliotheca Sacra156:621 (January-March1999):62. But is imperceptible in the soul. The Chaldee reads, The III. Answer: Jesus’ Parable of the Leaven is found in two of the Gospels. The Word of God may be compared to leaven. The woman, that is the Synagogue, taking this leaven hides it, that is by the sentence of death; but it working in the three measures of meal, that is equally in the Law, the Prophets, and the Gospels, makes all one; so that what the Law ordains, that the Prophets announce, that is fulfilled in the developments of the Gospels. αλλην The House of Commons is as a net cast into the sea that has gathered of every kind. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/matthew-13.html. Here are three parables by the evangelist put together before he cometh to the explication which our Saviour giveth of the first; all of them concerning the gospel church, and the dispensation of the gospel.

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