--Musa × chapara Perr., Mém. Calcium content were not significantly different (P>0.05) in RP, UP, and RB peels, but was significantly lower than UB peel. (see study below)  (56) (5) The methanol extract of peel also showed strong antibacterial effect against S. aureus, S. typhi, S. dysenteriae, and E. coli. • Dried fruit considered antiscorbutic. Appl Scienes. The great biodiversity of banana plants provides potential for diverse uses and applications (Aurore et al., 2009). to avoid excessive competition among the plants for light. (46) A STUDY OF MUSA PARADISIACA PSEUDO-STEM PITH FLUID AS SET-RETARDING ADMIXTURE IN CEMENT PASTE AND MORTAR / Akaninyene A. Umoh and Samuel P. Nnana / Emirates Journal for Engineering Research, 19 (3), 11-18 (2014) Its exports are mainly to Hispanic consumers in the United States, Belgium, and Holland (to be distributed from the latter throughout Europe). Plantain processing activities are concentrated in large cities like Bogotá, Medellín, Cali, and Barranquilla. paradisiaca in diabetic rats with co-occurring gastric ulcer: cytokines and growth factor by PCR amplification / Mohan Kumar, Manish Kumar Gautam, Amit Singh and Raj Kumar Goel BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine-The official journal of the International Society for Complementary Medicine Research (ISCMR)201313:305 / DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-13-305 In sub-chronic toxicity study, no mortality or biochemical alterations were detected. (49) Vieira, L.M. Musa ×paradisiaca est une espèce hybride de plante de la famille des Musaceae.Elle est issue à l'origine du croisement entre Musa acuminata et Musa balbisiana.Néanmoins, le jeu des sélections horticoles, et sans doute des croisements avec d'autres espèces, fait qu'il existe divers cultivars.. Cette espèce fournit la banane plantain ou simplement appelée plantain en Afrique. The minimum requirement and standard for genebanks is that seeds should be stored under conditions “which would ensure that the accession's viability would remain above at least 85% for 10 to 20 years”. January 13, 2013 • Immunosuppressive / Antidiabetic / Polyphenol from Peels: Study evaluated the immuno-suppressive and antidiabetic potential of polyphenols extracted from peels of M.. paradisiaca. Results showed MSPE fractions of ethyl acetate and methanol may be effective in reducing both macroscopic and histologic damage similar to sulfadiazine, and suggest a potential in the treatment of colitis. - Phytochemical analysis of peel and fruit yielded alkaloid, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, phlobatannins, glycosides, and terpenoids. A, Ajani, E. O*, Akinlolu, A. Most of the carotenoids found in banana peels were demonstrated to be xanthophylls. sylvesteris in vitro, ANTIMICROBIAL AND CYTOTOXIC PROPERTIES OF DIFFERENT EXTRACTS OF MUSA SAPIENTUM L. SUBSP. Lotus rhizomes, commonly called roots, are cooked in many Asian countries. • Thrombolytic / Cytotoxic / To study analgesic activity of stem of Musa sapientum linn. Results showed potential antidiabetic effect with significant lowering of fasting blood sugar. • Antifungal / Mineral Composition / Peel and Leaf: Study evaluated the mineral composition and antifungal activity of ethanol extract of M. paradisiaca peel and leaf. At the t… Ethanol extracts of leaves has potential use to induce abortion and can be further investigated as contraceptive. • Antiulcer / Antioxidant / Leaves: Study investigated the antiulcer potential of ethanolic extract of Musa paradisiaca leaves on ethanol induced ulcer models. At … / Flowers: Study on the chloroform extract of M sapientum Musa balbisiana var. inflorescence) of saba is extensively used as a vegetable. Study suggests, properly processed and exploited, the peel could be a good source of livestock feed, providing a high quality and cheap source of carbohydrates and minerals. • Gastroprotective / Antiulcer: Study (55) • In West Africa, used for diarrhea. The main or upright stem is actually a pseudostem, growing from a corm, to a height of 6 to 7.6 meters. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 10.1 presents chemical structures of most promising phytochemical constituents isolated from these plant species. / Dayanand G, Sharma A, Ahmed M, Jyothi PP, Rani M / Medical Science. Edible Musa plants are classified into AA, AB, BB, AAA, AAB, ABB, AAAA, AAAB, and ABBB genomic groups. paradisiaca). Ameliorative effects of Musa sapientum peel extract on acetic acid-induced colitis in rats / Gbemisola A Adegoke, Samuel A Onasanwo, O David Evarefe, Samuel B Olaleye / The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology, Vol 77, Oct 2016, po 49-55 / https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobaz.2016.06.004 A.K. / Pharmacognosy Res. Beneficial effects of low dose Musa paradisiaca on the semen quality of male Wistar rats / A. S. Alabi, Gabriel O. Omotoso, B. U. Enaibe, O. [437-442] / We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. More than 2 million metric tons of plantains are produced in Nigeria annually, but up to 60% postharvest loss had been reported; this is attributed to lack of storage facilities and inappropriate technologies for processing (Mepba et al., 2007). • Natural Wrapping Paper with Additive Essential Oil / Peel Waste: Study reported on the production of wrapping paper from banana peel waste with additive essential oils. Banana is a climateric fruit cultivated in many countries, primarily those located in the tropical and subtropical regions (approximately 120–130 countries), and it represents a major staple. On cytotoxicity evaluation using Brine Shrimp Lethality, pulp>seed>peel. The potentially high antioxidant levels in peel extracts is hypothesized to produce adaptogenic activity. 2013 Mar-Apr; 54(2): 92–95. The following databases may contain further information on this name. The above-ground part of the plant is a "false stem" or EVALUATION OF ANTI-EPILEPTIC ACTIVITY OF MUSA SAPIENTUM / Anupama Ravindra Dashetwar / Journal of Herbal and Medicinal Plants, Vol 1, No 1, 2011 It also showed hemagglutination inhibition activities and hydrogen peroxide induced hemolysis inhibition activity of human red blood cells. (see constituents above) (75) showed that the use of M. paradisiaca pseudo-stem pith fluid (up to 0.75%) as set-retarder in cement mortar enhance the structural properties such as compressive strength towards the production of type 'M' mortar fr general application. (28) 8 (7), pp. Sci. (45) (see study below) (87). COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF ELAEIS GUINEENSIS TUSKS, MUSA PARADISIACA PEELS AND POTASSIUM CARBONATE ON BACTERIA ISOLATE FROM FERMENTED PENTACLETHRA MACROPHYLLA SEEDS / Kemka-Evans, C.I., M.O. Chakrabarti, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003, There are several other vegetables, like plantain (Musa paradisiaca), bread fruit (Artocarpus altilis), jack fruit (A. heterophyllus), papaya (Carica papaya), drumstick (Moringa oleifera), and lotus (Nelumbo nucifera), which are popular in the tropics. Musa × paradisiaca L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Musa (family Musaceae). More productive management systems for plantain can be even more profitable. Himalayas, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir. L'inflorescence, appelée « régime », est formée d'une série de spathes (feuilles colorées) disposées en s… What is a Plantain? 55, No. In general, dessert banana cultivars are AA or AAA, with this last group including almost all bananas sold. Constituents flour (BF) from unripe banana (Musa paradisiaca. Antibacterial Activities of Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) Peel and Fruit / Asoso O. S., Akharaiyi F. C.* and Animba L. S. / Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2016, 8 (5):5-11  (54) 102-106, August, 2013 / DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2013.3818 Musa carolinae Sterler Musa … 1176-1182, 6 April, 2009 • Set-Retarding Admixture in Cement Paste and Mortar / Pseudo-Stem Pith Fluid: Study (53) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats / Piyush Dikshit, Kirtikar Shukla, Mool Kumar Tyagi, Piyush Garg, Jasvindar K. Gambhir and Rimi Shukla / Journal of Diabetes, Volume 4, Issue 4, pages 378–385, December 2012 / DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-0407.2012.00198.x (39) • Antiovulatory / Anti-Estrogenic / Antifertility / Stems: Study evaluated the effect of various extracts of stem on the estrous cycle of female albino rats. (32) (72) Musa paradisiaca is a type of plantain usually cooked before consumption. the Giant Cavendish and Gros Michel varieties, would be referred to as Musa AAA. (73) • Antimicrobial / Cytotoxicity: A methanolic extract of M. sapientum L subsp. (55) (AAB Group, Silk Subgroup), cv. Gen info Image insert Overall, M. paradisiaca at doses up to 800 mg/d for 14 days is not toxic and may be considered safe for therapeutic uses. Acute oral toxicity study revealed the non-toxic nature of the extract. Pappoe / Advances in Biological Research 5 (4): 190-192, 2011 The antidiarrheal activity was attributed to alkaloids, phenolics, flavonoids, and/or saponins together with enhancement of fluid and electrolyte absorption through de novo synthesis of sodium potassium ATPase and/or reduced nitric oxide levels. Nutrient and Heavy Metal Composition of Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) and Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Peels / Okorie DO*, Eleazu CO and Nwosu P / J Nutr Food Sci 5:370. doi:10.4172/2155-9600.1000370 Results showed antidiabetic and better ulcer healing effects compared with OMZ (omeprazole) or insulin in diabetic rat. Profile of the Stomach and Duodenum of Normal Rabbits Fed with Supplement Family Name: Genus Epithet: Infraspecific Epithet: Name Status (botanical) Synonyms: Common … (40) evaluated the antibacterial activity of various leaf extracts against four bacterial strains viz, B. subtilis, E. coli, P. aeruginosa, and S. aureus. vol.26 no.5 São Paulo Sept./Oct. Puttabale / Venkatesh, V. Krishna*, K. Girish Kumar, K. Pradeepa, S. R. Santosh Kumar, K. Vijay / International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research 2013; 5(2): 67-69 Results showed remarkable histoarchitectural preservation of the liver parenchyma against CCl4-induced damage and decrease (p<0.05) in elevated serum liver enzymes. Musa × sapientum L. is a synonym of Musa × paradisiaca L. Musa × paradisiaca L. is an accepted name. (25) Sohel / International Research Journal of Pharmacy, 2011 showed alteration of the gastric phospholipid profile and through a (38) BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES of Musa SPECIES Musa / Ä°lkay ORHAN / J. Fac. (40) (74) There were no significant differences (P>0.05 in the lead content RP, RB, and UB, while the lead content was significantly higher (P<0.05) in the ripe banana peel. Findings indicate phytochemicals that stimulate the formation of erythropoeitin. Banana (Musa paradisiaca L., Musaceae) represents one of the most important fruit crops, with a global annual production of about 50 million tons (FAO, 2014). Assam, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Glycosides, Saponins, Alkaloids, Reducing sugars, Resins, Phenolic compounds, Fixed oils, Assam, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Darjeeling, Puducherry Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Alkaloids, Flavonoid, Tannins, Saponins, Glycosides, Volatile oils, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Puducherry, Alkaloids, Saponins, Sterols, Proteins, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Fiber, Minerals, Gujarat, Punjab, Kerala, Karnataka, Telangana, Linalool, Elemol, Geranyl acetate, Myrcene, Allo-Ocimene, α-Terpinene, Neryl acetate, Maharashtra, Himalayas, Kerala, Himachal pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Puducherry, Alkaloids, Glycosides, Saponins, Tannins, Anthraquinones, Flavonoids, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Assam, Puducherry, Sesquiterpene, Coumarins, Lignans, Neolignans, Alkaloids, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Himalayas, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Quercetin-3-O-glucopyranoside, Kaempferol-3-O-glucopyranoside, Myricetin-3-O-glucopyranoside, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Haryana, Manipur, Puducherry, Kashmir, Karnataka, Essential oils, Methyl eugenol, Caryophyllene, Urosolic acid, Apigenin, Luteolin, Stigmasterol, Triacontanol ferulate, Isovitexin, Aesculetin, Luteolin, Circineol, Procatechuic acid, Phenylpropane glucosides, Puducherry, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh, β-Sitosterol, Ellagic acid, Biochanin A, Oroxylin A, Ursolic acid, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Uttarakhand, Assam, Rajasthan, Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Himalayas, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Genistein, Ougenin, Kaempferol, Lupeol, Ferreirin, Neophellamuretin,Betulin, Himalayas, Punjab, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Visakhapatnam, Iridoid Glycosides, Sitosterol, Stigmasterol, Alkaloids, Carbohydrates, Protein, Amino acid, Volatile oil, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Odisha, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Darjeeling Telangana, West Bengal, Triterpene saponins, Essential oil, Phenols, Ginsenosides, Himalayas, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Alkaloids, Sterols, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Steroids, Tannins, Terpenes, Gums, Saponins, Mucilage, Flavonoids, Glycosides, Orissa, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Kerala, West Bengal, Steroids, Lipids, Amino acids, Carbohydrates, Odisha, Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry, Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Tannins, Lignins, Triterpenoids, Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala, Coumarins, Alkaloids, Phenols, Steroids, Flavonoids, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Maharashtra, Assam, Meghalaya, Iridoids, Acetophenones, Cucurbitacins, Pikuroside, Veronicoside, Phenol glycosides, Monoterpenes. Beneficial effects of banana leaves (Musa x paradisiaca) on glucose homeostasis: multiple sites of action / Virginia D. KappelI; Luisa H. CazarolliII; Danielle F. PereiraI; Bárbara G. PostalI; Fernanda A. MadoglioIII; Ziliani da S. BussIV; Flávio H. ReginattoIII; Fátima R. M. B. Silva, I / Rev. (See PAPAYAS.). The inner sheaths of the pseudostem of banana are cooked in India, and the immature, male flower buds, after removal of the boat-like fibrous bracts, are cooked in many South Asian countries. Erionota thrax mindana; dans le centre et le sud des Philippines [2]. Chhanda Mallick, Tushar Kanti Bera, Kazi Monjur Ali, Kausik Chatterjee, and Debidas Ghosh / Journal of Health Science, 56(6), 641-654 (2010) peel extracts / Eduardo Padilla-Camberos, José M. Flores-Fernández, Alejandro A. Canales-Aguirre, Carla P. Barragán-Álvarez, Yanet Gutiérrez-Mercado, Eugenia Lugo-Cervantes / Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmacognosy Research, 2016; 4(5): pp 165-173 It had not inhibitory or fungicidal effect against R. rubrum. - Rich in vitamins A, B, and C; a fair source of iron. • Cooked flower used for diabetes. • Healing Effects in Diabetic Rats with Co-Occurring Gastric Ulcer: Study evaluated the effects of M. sapientum fruit on ulcer index, blood glucose level and gastric mucosal cytokines, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and growth factor, TGF-α in acetic acid induced gastric ulcer in diabetic rat. Haemostatic Effect of the Stem Juice of Musa paradisiaca L. (Musaceae) in Guinea Pigs / A. Weremfo, M.B. (67) Luis A. Bello-Pérez, ... Francisco J. García-Suárez, in Flour and Breads and their Fortification in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011. ANTIMICROBIAL AND CYTOTOXIC PROPERTIES OF DIFFERENT EXTRACTS OF MUSA SAPIENTUM L. SUBSP. • Wrapping / Cooking: Leaves used for wrapping food for cooking. About 1000 banana plants are estimated to yield 20–25 tons of pseudostems providing about 5% edible starch (Anand and Maini, 1997). Name; Classifications and Characteristics; Biogeography; Description and Ethnobotany; Landscaping Features; What's New: Name. • Leaves used for polishing floors, lining pots for cooking rice. Natural parthenocarpic clones occur through polyploidy and produce edible bananas, examples of which are wild saba bananas . (59) Na (P 100 ± 0.95, L 155.00)m K (P 235 ± 1.54, L 40.00), Ca (P 100 + 0.95, L 155), Mg (P 76 ± 0.55, L 18.00), P (P 360 ± 1.65, L 151.67 ± 2.89), Fe ( (P 5.65 ±0.6, L 14.00). In acute toxicity testing using a single dose of 500, 1000, 2000, and 5000 mg/kg, no toxicity signs or death were recorded with LD50 >5 g/kg. Study yielded an active compound--a monomeric flavonoid, leucocyanidin, that showed anti-ulcerogenic activity, in congruous with standard drug esomeprazole. Results suggest the the plant triggers hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities possibly by restoring normal morphology and pancreatic performance in diabetic rats. 1043 1753. • The ripe fruit is laxative, demulcent, and nutrient. 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