Creola Katherine Johnson (née Coleman; August 26, 1918 – February 24, 2020) was an American mathematician whose calculations of orbital mechanics as a NASA employee were critical to the success of the first and subsequent U.S. crewed spaceflights. B �h&� [y)�� FI ���@�����yLG�1s*�ep/k j``j`� �������y\�0H�e8 ���D����IH�3�M~�?�{[��m�&D��=@� :t; One of NASA's human 'computers,' Katherine Johnson performed the complex calculations that enabled humans to successfully achieve space flight. This worksheet makes a great addition to a social studies or U.S. history lesson during Black History Month or Women's History Month. Designed for fourth and fifth grade readers, this worksheet guides students to read a short biography and then answer comprehension questions about the text. 7th grade reading comprehension practice using an informational text about Katherine Johnson If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. PART B: Which section from the text best supports the answer to Part A? Katherine Johnson (1918-2020) was an African American physicist and mathematician who worked at NASA during the early years of the space program. She was born on 26 August, 1918, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, U.S. The Norfolk District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers selected for the project, Turner Construction Co., and awarded the New York City-based company a $23-million construction contract in October 2014. Her father mostly worked as a handyman at the Greenbrier Hotel, while her mother was a teacher. NASA research mathematician Katherine Johnson is photographed at her desk at Langley Research Center in 1966. Credits: NASA. Before electronic computers, the term “computers” referred to people rather than machines. Gloria Champine. Learn more about this inspiring woman with this nonfiction reading comprehension worksheet. 153 0 obj <>stream Katherine Johnson was an African American physicist and mathematician who worked to create the first calculations to send humans into space. The password to access the protected tests and answer keys is: ReadersProtect > Starter > Beginner > Elementary > Pre-intermediate > Intermediate > Upper Intermediate; Starter Level. (Grades 5-8) series. h�bbd``b`6�n@�i:�`5J+@@����� $�� �~ !�$�7 �4�^)�^I+Dt �] � "Hhe`bd`��I�g�� ` q5U Katherine Paterson is an American children's author. �Ϥ�^'L[��Fɬ�s �fi�3�Ocb!�&�I')�*��L%p(�HI���`*�4�����y�G[k�m(�"��3���u>ca��TӼ�a�?�U�k"O`8���;U�b=�IJZ�w6:ō�L�(Ŵ��u*l�ڇ�������� ����{�|�E�����iK{wvi�Σ2���|��%�4�h�#'�h���ak��UI�k�m�h�����_fM֟U_y�����p�]-?�ܵ���2ˋ��sD�EOxk{E/�N�d��E��#�AUOC}L/39��0i��P}äU}�g:5}�g�O�9Y=������,��w���.z#|�Gϣ�17�&L���� f��D?�����._����7d�eS>�oC>;o ��B�֓^�"�5Lǂ���. Johnson’s mathematical genius was evident from an early age. Katherine Johnson was an African American physicist and mathematician who worked to create the first calculations to send humans into space. Students will enjoy learning about this ground-breaking woman who was central to America's success in the space race. Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind. She was a human computer. Katherine Johnson plays a major role in calculating his flight trajectory. During her 35-year career at NASA and its predecessor, she earned a reputation for mastering complex manual calculations and helped pioneer … They will also have the opportunity to identify the author's purpose as well as to summarize to better understand the text. DIRECTIONS: The following Activity is designed to review writing very large or very small numbers in a more precise form known as scientific notation. Katherine Johnson was an African American mathematician who worked for NASA from 1953 until 1986. endstream endobj startxref - Katherine Johnson was loaned out to the Flight Mechanics branch for temporary work. Concept: Understanding Components of Scientific Notation . Katherine Johnson tells the story of an incredible African American woman who was one of the major brains behind NASA's space missions. Which of the following statements best describes the central idea of the text? Pearl Young. Warm-Up Activity . In this biography, the NASA Science Team describes Johnson’s early life and her time working on their space missions. Think like a Human Computer! - Katherine Johnson was told by her relatives that the Langley Research Center had just opened up the “computer pool” to black women. h�b```"wV��� ��ea�h r��R�`�`�| �X0t�V��VbxA��΋� Hidden Figures Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Hidden Figures Gloria Champine is a female mathematician at Langley who advances from a clerical position in the Dynamic Loads Division to a job as Technical Assistant to the Division Chief of Space Systems, a role that had previously only been held by men. In 2016, a building at NASA's Langley Research Center in Virginia was named in honor of Katherine Johnson. Mathematician and computer scientist Katherine Johnson was born on August 26, 1918 in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia to Joylette and Joshua Coleman. NASA research mathematician Katherine Johnson is photographed at her desk at Langley Research Center in 1966. Katherine Johnson, part of a small group of African-American women mathematicians who did crucial work at NASA, in 1966. Credit... NASA/Donaldson Collection, via Getty Images Katherine Johnson overcame racial and gender discrimination and became one of the top mathematicians at NASA. We were so sad to hear of her death, February 24, 2020 and want to ensure that her work ethic, determination, and motivation are legacy's for our students! The text is differentiated for your high, mid, and lower level students. Credits: Katherine Johnson. Katherine Johnson: Katherine Johnson worked for NACA (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) and NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) from 1953 until 1986. Learn about Katherine Johnson, a physicist, space scientist and mathematician, who played a very important role with NASA's early space missions.
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